Bishop Anthony is well known in New York as the founder and the continuous
Principal of the St. Sergius Academy, founded thirty seven years ago, originally
as a Sunday school, later a middle school, then a high school, and a few
years ago received a status of the Academy from the Department of Education
of the State of New York.
The St. Serglus
Academy is the only Russian high school outside of Russia in which education
is presented in two languages. The basic subjects are conducted in English,
but history and the geography of Russia, Religion, Russian Language and
Literature are in Russian.
His Grace Bishop
Anthony (before monasticism Count Alexei Georgievich Grabbe) was born on
July 22, 1926 in Belgrade. Yugoslavia in the family of Count Georgy
Pavlovich Grabbe, the former Director of Office of the Synod of Russian
Orthodox Church Abroad, who was ordained priest and after the death of
his wife was tonsured monk and consecrated to Bishop. He received his high
school diploma in the Cadet School named after Great Prince Constantine
Bela Tserkov, Yugoslavia.
At a very young
age, Alexei Grabbe decided to dedicate himseif to God.
to 1954 Fr. Anthony studied in the Holy Trinity Theological Seminary in
Jordanville, USA and graduated with a bachelors degree in Theology.
long years of service, Fr. Anthony had many duties in the Russian Church
Abroad, he was the secretary to Archbishop Vitaty. the manager of the Monastery
off ice, was on the staff of clergy of the Synod Cathedral of the Holy
Virgin, the lecturer of Russian General Education Courses, where he taught
a course of the study of Russian Orthodox Religion, as the principal
of the Eparchial school.
In 1959 Fr.
Anthony founded the St. Sergius Academy and in 1962 the Russian American
Institute of Slavonic Studies, which gave out credits for the degree of
master and doctor in Liberal Arts. The list of positions would be too long
his zealous work on spreading of Russian Christianity, Fr. Anthony was
honored with many church awards. In 1962 Metropolitan Anastasy Awarded
him one of the highest church awards Jeweled Cross.
In 1968, the
Synod of Bishops appointed Fr. Anthony as the head of the Russian Ecclesiastical
Mission in Jerusalem. Fourteen candidates for this post refused to go to
the Holy Land, fearing terrorists and dangerous situation in lands occupied
After the Six
Day War there arose a real danger for Russian Church Abroad due to chance
that it properties could be turned over through to the Soviet Union. Similar
situations took place before 1948 with some properties of Mission and Orthodox
Palestinian Society. For fifteen years Fr. Anthony fought in courts of
Israel against such illegal actions
active years, Fr. Anthony led an intense diplomatic work. He had occasions
to meet with the president of the United States including Richard Nixon,
Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Prime Ministers of Israel Shamir and Peres,
Chancellor of Germany Helmut Cole, King of Jordan Hussein and the Persian
In 1969 Fr.
Anthony was elected Vice President of the Orthodox Palestinian Society,
which was in rather poor condition. He restored enlightening activily of
the Society, improved its finances, wrote statutes of the Society. Restored
the order of the Society, renovated the buildings of the Society, the mission
and the Cathedral of St. Mary Magdaline in Gethsemane. Soon after he was
elected as president of the society and he still maintains this litle.
more public attention to the mission and the society, Fr. Anthony released
LP's with the recordings of the Gethsemane Monastary choir, and the concert
of Synod Choir in the Holy Land, organized the filming of "Peace in the
Holy Land", which was later released in Russian, English and Greek. Published
a number of books about the Russian Church Abroad.
Fr. Anthony was exposed to danger, and a few times he was suggested to
have a personal bodyguard. But he relied on God and God saved him.
his outstanding work as the head of the Russian Mission and the President
of the Orhodox Palestine Society, in 1972 Metropolitan Philaret awarded
Fr. Anthony with the highet honor the second Jeweled Cross of first
degree (unprecedented event in the history of the Russian Church Abroad),
and the Supreme Council of the Palestinian Society awarded him with Gold
Order of the first degee.
Community also noted his remarkable humanitarian activity, he was indicted
into the annual "Men of Achievement", issued in Cambridge, England.
of Fr. Anthony sky rocketed. He was still relatively young and had already
accomplished as a clergy, executive, politician, and teacher, had many
followers. students, and friends.
Such a bright
persona had always and always will attract not only admiration, but also
jealousy, envy, and hostility from the side of the less talented and active.
His enemies provoked scandals in the Synod in the result of which Fr. Anthony
decided to abandon the Russian Foreign Church.
It is a pity
that in the history of the Russian Orthodox Church there is a number of
examples of how the most talented, vigorous, and earnest turned out to
be not suitable for Church Administration, Patriarch Nikon acclaiming the
idea of Church Supremacy lost his order and was deported to the North.
Ascetics Maxim Greek and Neil Sorsky had given their comrades too high
of standards to follow, finished their lives in jail anathematized.
hand was extended by His Eminence Metropolitan Paisios, the Head of the
Greek Orthodox Church of G.O.C. of N. & S. America. From 1986,
Fr. Anthony remains under Metropolitan Paisios' omophorion. And with his
blessing worships in the Church.
As the paramount
award for ail of Bishop Anthony's sufferings you can identify the ordinance
to Episcopacy This is the recognition of his achievements before God, the
Church, parishioners and pupils. And to all his opponents, Bishop Anthony
answers with the word of the Bible: "God will forgive and save all of us,
and won't leave at His mercy".